Dalio's Investment Principles: Useful Tips from a Guru for Beginner Investors |

Dalio’s Investment Principles: Useful Tips from a Guru for Beginner Investors

Ray Dalio is one of the world’s most successful and well-known investors, founder and head of the investment fund Bridgewater Associates. His success in investing is based on principles that he has developed and that bring him stable and high returns.

Dalio’s investment principles are very useful for novice investors who do not yet have enough experience in this field. In this article, we will look at the main investment principles of Dalio and give some useful tips for those who are just starting their journey into the world of investments.

Short biography of investor Ray Dalio

Ray Dalio is a successful American investor, philanthropist, and author who founded one of the most successful hedge funds, Bridgewater Associates. He was born on August 8, 1949, in New York City, to a family of musicians. Ray showed an early interest in financial markets and began trading stocks while still in school, earning his first money. After graduating from university in London, where he studied economics, Ray started working at the New York Stock Exchange and later moved to Shearson Hayden Stone. In 1975, Ray founded his first proprietary fund, Bridgewater Associates, which later became one of the most successful hedge funds in the world. At Bridgewater Associates, Ray and his team developed an innovative strategy based on a systematic and research-based approach to investing. This strategy brought the company many successes, and Ray became one of the most influential investors in the world. In addition to his business success, Ray is also known for his philanthropic activities. In 2010, he founded the Dalio Foundation, which finances many projects aimed at social and environmental well-being. He is also the author of several books, including “Principles,” a bestseller in which he shared his experience and principles that underlie his success. Despite his achievements, Ray Dalio has always remained a humble and open person. He says that the key factor in his success was a constant willingness to learn and improve his skills. Ray Dalio is a bright example of how hard work, perseverance, and a thirst for knowledge can lead to incredible success.

Principle 1: Serious growth in asset value is a signal to take profits.

Ray Dalio believes that if the value of an asset has significantly increased, then this is a signal to take profits. It is better to transfer the earned income to undervalued assets, the value of which lags behind the sector. For example, if you have invested in stocks and their value has increased by 100%, this may be a signal to sell and transfer funds to other assets that have not yet increased in value. Thus, you get a win that can be used for further investments.

Principle 2: Have your own view of the market, but take criticism.

Ray Dalio urges to have your own view of the market and be able to critically evaluate it. However, he also advises to learn from your mistakes and calmly accept losses, as they are an inevitable part of the investment process. This will prevent mistakes in the future.

Principle 3: Evaluate the current situation in the economy soberly.

Assessing the current situation in the economy plays an important role in choosing portfolio tools. During economic growth, Ray Dalio advises buying stocks, during a recession, consider bonds, and during a liquidity crunch, move to cash. For example, the latter is currently relevant due to the absorption of liquidity by the US Treasury.

Principle 4: Don’t forget about diversification.

Diversification is one of the main principles of Ray Dalio’s investment. He prefers to diversify his portfolio and has chosen to invest in five assets: stocks, medium- and long-term American bonds, commodities, and gold. This reduces risks and increases portfolio returns.

Principle 5: Develop a suitable investment strategy for you.

Developing your investment strategy is an important step for novice investors. The main thing is that the expected profit on it exceeds inflation. If you are psychologically more comfortable acting on a conservative or balanced strategy, it is better to do so than to strive to open and close positions every day without understanding the specifics, using leverage, buying complex financial instruments in the hope of making a profit, without taking into account your psychological comfort.

Dalio’s investment principles table:

Dalio’s Investment PrinciplesBrief Description
Serious asset value growthA signal to take profits and move into undervalued assets
Have your own understanding of the marketCritically evaluate the market and learn from your mistakes
Soberly assess the current economic situationChoose portfolio tools based on market conditions
DiversificationDiversify your portfolio to reduce risks
Develop your investment strategyExpected profits should exceed inflation


Dalio’s investment principles are useful tips for novice investors. They help reduce risks and increase portfolio returns. The key is to make sure your investment strategy is suitable for you and does not contradict your financial goals and psychological comfort. Do not forget about diversification and soberly assessing the current economic situation, and you will gradually achieve success in the world of investments.

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